Infrastructure at your Service

Daniel Westermann

Can I do it with PostgreSQL? – 18 – Instead of triggers on views

It has been quite a while since the last post in this series but today comes the next one. Being at a customer this morning this question popped up: Can we have instead of triggers on a view in PostgreSQL as well? I couln’d immediately answer (although I was quite sure you can) so here is the test. I took an example for Oracle from here and re-wrote it in PostgreSQL syntax.

I took the same tables and adjusted the data types:

CREATE TABLE CUSTOMER_DETAILS ( CUSTOMER_ID INT PRIMARY KEY
                              , CUSTOMER_NAME VARCHAR(20)
                              , COUNTRY VARCHAR(20)
                              );
CREATE TABLE PROJECTS_DETAILS ( PROJECT_ID INT PRIMARY KEY
                              , PROJECT_NAME VARCHAR(30)
                              , PROJECT_START_DATE DATE
                              , CUSTOMER_ID INT REFERENCES CUSTOMER_DETAILS(CUSTOMER_ID)
                              );

The same view definition:

CREATE OR REPLACE VIEW customer_projects_view AS
   SELECT cust.customer_id, cust.customer_name, cust.country,
          projectdtls.project_id, projectdtls.project_name, 
          projectdtls.project_start_Date
   FROM customer_details cust, projects_details projectdtls
   WHERE cust.customer_id = projectdtls.customer_id;

Try to insert:

postgres=# INSERT INTO customer_projects_view VALUES (1,'XYZ Enterprise','Japan',101,'Library management',now());
ERROR:  cannot insert into view "customer_projects_view"
DETAIL:  Views that do not select from a single table or view are not automatically updatable.
HINT:  To enable inserting into the view, provide an INSTEAD OF INSERT trigger or an unconditional ON INSERT DO INSTEAD rule.
Time: 2.135 ms

… and the answer is already in the error message. So obviously we should be able to do that. In PostgreSQL you need a trigger function:

CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION cust_proj_view_insert_proc() RETURNS trigger AS $$
BEGIN
        
   INSERT INTO customer_details (customer_id,customer_name,country)
          VALUES (NEW.customer_id, NEW.customer_name, NEW.country);

   INSERT INTO projects_details (project_id, project_name, project_start_Date, customer_id)
   VALUES (
     NEW.project_id,
     NEW.project_name,
     NEW.project_start_Date,
     NEW.customer_id);

   RETURN NEW;
     EXCEPTION WHEN unique_violation THEN
       RAISE EXCEPTION 'Duplicate customer or project id';
END;
$$ LANGUAGE plpgsql;

Then we need a trigger calling this function:

create trigger cust_proj_view_insert_trg 
    instead of insert on customer_projects_view for each row EXECUTE procedure cust_proj_view_insert_proc();

Try the insert again:

INSERT INTO customer_projects_view VALUES (1,'XYZ Enterprise','Japan',101,'Library management',now());
INSERT INTO customer_projects_view VALUES (2,'ABC Infotech','India',202,'HR management',now());

… and here we are:

postgres=# select * FROM customer_details;
 customer_id | customer_name  | country 
-------------+----------------+---------
           1 | XYZ Enterprise | Japan
           2 | ABC Infotech   | India

Definitely, you can :)

 

Leave a Reply


1 × = three

Daniel Westermann
Daniel Westermann

Senior Consultant and Technology Leader Open Infrastructure