Infrastructure at your Service

Introduction

Have you ever cloned a database using RMAN?
Have you ever gotten the advice not to clone during daytime to avoid performance downgrade on the entire storage or network?
For a proof of concept, we wanted to evaluate a Pure Storage array in terms of feasibility and speed of database cloning by using storage-based snapshot technology.
First, I want to mention that PureStorage produces Storage devices in several sizes, all based on NVMe devices together with a high bandwidth connection and data compression.
All in all a “fast as hell” storage but this is not enough. There is additionally a snapshot technology which enables a snapshot-copy of a volume in no time, regardless of its size.
We wanted to see if it works as well for cloning Oracle databases.

Starting point

We set up:
• Two virtual machines on two ESX hosts, running RHEL 7.9
• Two sets of disk-groups to store the database files.
• A source database, running on machine 1, Oracle Release 19.10.
• Prepare machine 2 for a target database to be created by cloning

We had to install only very few extras on the virtual machines
• Install rpms, required by PureStorage
• Configure multipathing
• Update UDEV rules

About the Storage

The GUI allows comfortably to create volumes and assign them to groups and “Protection Groups”.

Connect the volumes with the hosts.

In vSphere Client, attach the volumes to the VMs

Configure the volumes on Linux OS

configure multipath

vi /etc/multipath.conf
multipaths {
 multipath { wwid 3624a9370F9C23FA49CFC431C00013CD5  alias  oradbi1-data }
 multipath { wwid 3624a9370F9C23FA49CFC431C00013CD7  alias  oradbi1-fra  }
 multipath { wwid 3624a9370F9C23FA49CFC431C00013CD6  alias oradbi1-redo  }
}

create filesystems on the volumes

mkfs.ext4 /dev/mapper/oradbi2-data
mkfs.ext4 /dev/mapper/3624a9370f9c23fa49cfc431c00013cda
mkfs.ext4 /dev/mapper/3624a9370f9c23fa49cfc431c00013cd9
mkfs.ext4 /dev/mapper/3624a9370f9c23fa49cfc431c00013cd8

enter the volumes in fstab
vi /etc/fstab

/dev/mapper/3624a9370f9c23fa49cfc431c00013cd5 /u02/oradata             ext4  defaults  0 0
/dev/mapper/3624a9370f9c23fa49cfc431c00013cd6 /u03/oradata             ext4  defaults  0 0
/dev/mapper/3624a9370f9c23fa49cfc431c00013cd7 /u90/fast_recovery_area  ext4  defaults  0 0

And finally mount them

mount -a

Now you can clone the database.

On the target server, shut down the database and unmount the volumes:

Create a snapshot

You can either use the GUI or CLI.
in the web-console, navigate to Storage -> Protection Groups
select the Protection Group you want to “snapshot”
select “create” from the overflow-menu
provide a “speaking” name for your first snapshot.

Next you copy the volume snapshots to their target counterparts:

That’s it !

 

On the CLI it looks even simpler:

Only two commands required: “purepgroup snap” and “purevol copy”
That’s all !

You can mount the copied volumes now and start the database on the target side:

You have probably noted that the copy is nothing else than a copy.

Means that your target-DB has still the same name as the source-DB.

 

Don’t worry! Changing the name and the DBID of a database, will be continued next week.
see my blog “Rename your DB clone completely

 

 

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Dieter Henig
Dieter Henig