Infrastructure at your Service

Joël Cattin

Managing Ansible with AWX – Part I – Installation on Minikube

AWX is a web based GUI tool for managing Ansible playbooks. It is the open source upstream project of Red Hat Automation Controller (formerly Ansible Tower) . As for Fedora and RHEL operating systems, the releases of Automation Controller are created from a branch of AWX, which sponsored is by Red Hat.
AWX provides user interface, REST API and task engine, allowing you to manage playbooks, inventories and schedule jobs using a web interface.

In this blog post, we will focus on the installation part only. Configuration and usage will be covered by other ones.

Minikube installation

Starting in with version 18.0, the installation method of AWX moved from Docker to Kubernetes. This is done thanks to the AWX Operator, providing a Kubernetes-native installation method for AWX. For this blog purpose, we will deploy it in a Minikube local Kubernetes environment which is easy to install on a Linux x86-64 system :

[email protected]:~$ sudo curl -LO
% Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current
Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed

100 66.3M 100 66.3M 0 0 8356k 0 0:00:08 0:00:08 --:--:-- 8941k
[email protected]:~$
[email protected]:~$ sudo install minikube-linux-amd64 /usr/local/bin/minikube
[email protected]:~$


Nothing more to do to have an up & running cluster. Let’s start it :

[email protected]:~$ minikube start
😄 minikube v1.24.0 on Linuxmint 20.2
✨ Automatically selected the docker driver. Other choices: kvm2, virtualbox, ssh, none
👍 Starting control plane node minikube in cluster minikube
🚜 Pulling base image ...
💾 Downloading Kubernetes v1.22.3 preload ...
> preloaded-images-k8s-v13-v1...: 501.73 MiB / 501.73 MiB 100.00% 4.58 MiB
> 355.78 MiB / 355.78 MiB 100.00% 3.02 MiB p/
🔥 Creating docker container (CPUs=2, Memory=3900MB) ...
🐳 Preparing Kubernetes v1.22.3 on Docker 20.10.8 ...
▪ Generating certificates and keys ...
▪ Booting up control plane ...
▪ Configuring RBAC rules ...
🔎 Verifying Kubernetes components...
▪ Using image
🌟 Enabled addons: storage-provisioner, default-storageclass
💡 kubectl not found. If you need it, try: 'minikube kubectl -- get pods -A'
🏄 Done! kubectl is now configured to use "minikube" cluster and "default" namespace by default
[email protected]:~$


There are two ways to interact with the Minikube cluster. First one ist to use kubectl that you can install using e.g. the Snap package manager :

[email protected]:~$ sudo snap install kubectl --classic
kubectl 1.22.4 from Canonical✓ installed
[email protected]:~$


But actually, installing kubectl is not mandatory, since it comes already wrapped inside Minikube. To use it, simply prefix the kubectl commands with “minikube kubectl –“. To save time while writing, why not create an alias :

[email protected]:~$ alias kubectl="minikube kubectl --"


To test kubectl, you can use it to list the pods created to run the Kubernetes engine :

[email protected]:~$ kubectl get pods -A
NAMESPACE            NAME                                       READY STATUS  RESTARTS    AGE
kube-system          coredns-78fcd69978-cb4z6                   1/1   Running 1 (43m ago) 10h
kube-system          etcd-minikube                              1/1   Running 1 (43m ago) 10h
kube-system          kube-apiserver-minikube                    1/1   Running 1 (43m ago) 10h
kube-system          kube-controller-manager-minikube           1/1   Running 1 (43m ago) 10h
kube-system          kube-proxy-khgb4                           1/1   Running 1 (43m ago) 10h
kube-system          kube-scheduler-minikube                    1/1   Running 1 (43m ago) 10h
kube-system          storage-provisioner                        1/1   Running 3 (42m ago) 10h
kubernetes-dashboard dashboard-metrics-scraper-5594458c94-nphf6 1/1   Running 1 (43m ago) 10h
kubernetes-dashboard kubernetes-dashboard-654cf69797-4dbjh      1/1   Running 1 (43m ago) 10h
[email protected]:~$


AWX Operator installation

Let’s move to the AWX Operator deployment into your cluster. The first thing to do is to clone the git repository of the project :

[email protected]:~$ git clone
Cloning into 'awx-operator'...
remote: Enumerating objects: 5952, done.
remote: Counting objects: 100% (1867/1867), done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (362/362), done.
remote: Total 5952 (delta 1673), reused 1505 (delta 1505), pack-reused 4085
Receiving objects: 100% (5952/5952), 1.40 MiB | 7.49 MiB/s, done.
Resolving deltas: 100% (3462/3462), done.
[email protected]:~$


Before starting the deployment, it’s better to set the namespace into which you want to deploy (otherwise the Operator will be installed into the default namespace). Then run the “make deploy” command from the repository :

[email protected]:~/awx-operator$ export NAMESPACE=awx
[email protected]:~/awx-operator$ make deploy
cd config/manager && /home/joc/awx-operator/bin/kustomize edit set image
cd config/default && /home/joc/awx-operator/bin/kustomize edit set namespace awx
/home/joc/awx-operator/bin/kustomize build config/default | kubectl apply -f -
namespace/awx created created created created
serviceaccount/awx-operator-controller-manager created created created created created created created created
configmap/awx-operator-manager-config created
service/awx-operator-controller-manager-metrics-service created
deployment.apps/awx-operator-controller-manager created
[email protected]:~/awx-operator$


Hint : you can now configure you current context to run by default all kubectl commands against your new namespace :

[email protected]:~$ kubectl config set-context --current --namespace=awx
Context "minikube" modified.
[email protected]:~$


After few minutes, the AWX Operator is running into a new pod :

[email protected]:~/awx-operator$ kubectl get pods
NAME                                             READY   STATUS    RESTARTS     AGE
awx-operator-controller-manager-68d787cfbd-xmshs 2/2     Running   2 (62m ago)  8h
[email protected]:~/awx-operator$


AWX deployment

The AWX installation is very straight forward. If you want to give a specific name to your AWX deployment, edit the section in the awx-demo.yml file :

[email protected]:~/awx-operator$ cat awx-demo.yml
kind: AWX
  name: awx-joc
  service_type: nodeport
[email protected]:~/awx-operator$


Finally,  apply the yaml file to create the AWX instance in your cluster :

[email protected]:~/awx-operator$ kubectl apply -f awx-demo.yml created
[email protected]:~/awx-operator$


Once done, you can check the new pods and services :

[email protected]:~/awx-operator$ kubectl get pods
NAME                                               READY   STATUS    RESTARTS       AGE
awx-joc-9d964f6bc-98d99                            4/4     Running   12 (12h ago)   5d20h
awx-joc-postgres-0                                 1/1     Running   3 (12h ago)    5d20h
awx-operator-controller-manager-68d787cfbd-xmshs   2/2     Running   6 (12h ago)    5d20h

[email protected]:~/awx-operator$ kubectl get svc
NAME                                             TYPE       CLUSTER-IP      EXTERNAL-IP  PORT(S)       AGE
awx-joc-postgres                                 ClusterIP  None            <none>       5432/TCP      5d20h
awx-joc-service                                  NodePort  <none>       80:32283/TCP  5d20h
awx-operator-controller-manager-metrics-service  ClusterIP   <none>       8443/TCP      5d21h
[email protected]:~/awx-operator$


Run the following command to get the URL of the web interface

[email protected]:~/awx-operator$ minikube service awx-joc-service --url -n awx
[email protected]:~/awx-operator$


And try it :

Looks good ! The default username is “admin”. To know the password, go back to your shell and retrieve it as follow :

[email protected]:~/awx-operator$ kubectl get secret awx-joc-admin-password -o jsonpath="{.data.password}" | base64 --decode
[email protected]:~/awx-operator$


Go back to your browser, log in and be ready to play with your new AWX platform :



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Joël Cattin
Joël Cattin

Senior Consultant